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  • Consultancies
  • Djibouti
  • June 29, 2024

Website IGADsecretariat Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)



The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is a Regional Economic Community (REC) of the African Union. Member countries include Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda.  IGAD’s mission is to “assist and complement the efforts of the member countries through increased cooperation to achieve food security and environmental protection; promotion and maintenance of peace and security and humanitarian affairs; and economic cooperation and integration”.   IGAD’s activities consist mainly of policy support, information and knowledge sharing, capacity development and research, and promoting the uptake of science and technology.   .

IGAD member countries’ priorities for achieving national development include, among others: eradication of poverty, food security, agriculture transformation, natural resource exploitation, preventing and mitigating climate change effects, and sustainable urban expansion.  The Region is characterized by a fast-growing population and ambitious socio-economic development plans, for the most part, dependent on efficient and sustainable exploitation of land and natural resources.

Land in the IGAD region is a synonym of identity, culture, power, development, food, and human security.  Land and natural resources are abundant.  In instances of good land governance (secure tenure, access, and use), land and natural resources provide in many ways for IGAD citizens. In instances of weak land governance, land becomes a source of conflict, a perpetrator of social inequalities and discrimination, and a vehicle for the depletion of natural resources.  Healthy tenure governance systems are crucial to achieving IGAD development objectives.  Yet land governance is often not prioritized, land reforms are addressed in silos and seldom integrated within member countries’ strategies for development.

Land sector improvements require structural changes that are not sustainable unless integrated within development visions, nationally driven and systemic.  Land reforms become unsustainable when land programs do not respond to locally owned-demand, capacity is not in place to sustain activities in the long term, interventions are not national priorities, and activities are ad-hoc and not framed within the existing legal and policy framework.

The Consortium of the African Union Commission (AUC), the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) and the African Development Bank (AfDB) established a joint Land Policy Initiative (LPI) in 2006 to provide a common platform for dialogue on land governance and land-related challenges in Africa, and support member countries in their efforts towards reviewing, developing, and implementing land policies including mechanisms for progress tracking and reporting. The LPI developed the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa (F&G) that were endorsed in 2009 by AU Heads of States and Government through the AU Declaration on Land Issues and Challenges as a unique continental framework for strengthening land rights, enhancing productivity, and securing livelihoods on the African continent.

The AU Declaration on Land Issues and Challenges calls upon RECs to convene periodic platforms for experiences exchange, lesson learning and dissemination of best practices, and to capture/ address issues of land within their respective common agricultural frameworks. The African political leadership’s common vision and shared commitment to support regions and countries to strengthen their land governance systems in line with the F&G and VGGT is a global best practice.    It is leading the Region to develop relevant, responsive, and context-appropriate land policies compliant with international best practices.   Within this commitment, regional authorities like IGAD have a primary role to play in supporting member countries translate the AU vision into harmonized regional policy frameworks and convergence of national land policies and support implementation . IGAD is mandated by the AU to promote the development of harmonized land policies to improve member countries’ land sectors performance. It is within this context that these terms of reference are developed.


The objective of this consultancy is therefore to develop a draft National Land Policy for Djibouti and to obtain stakeholder consensus on this draft.


  • Review information provided by the client and from other sources including:
    • Guidance notes from completed studies.
    • Independent stakeholder submissions; and
    • Other relevant literature.
  • Review policies and laws related to land sectors including:
    • Environment
    • Forests
    • Wetlands
    • Minerals
    • Agriculture
    • Water
    • Wildlife
    • Energy
    • Human settlements
    • Land use
  • Develop a concept paper for the National Land Policy covering key areas such as:
    • Policy, legal, and institutional framework of land
    • Land tenure and dispute resolution
    • Gender equality in land ownership
    • Land use planning, management, and taxation
    • Land rights administration; and
    • Cross-border and regional cooperation framework

The concept paper will examine emerging cross-cutting issues such as conflict sensitivity, climate change, youth, and gender equality.  It should provide guidance on documenting a framework for implementing the National Land Policy.

  • Prepare a draft National Land Policy based on the findings of the concept paper.
  • Organize regional and national stakeholder workshops to achieve consensus on the draft policy by incorporating contributions, comments, and suggestions from these workshops.
  • Report and consult periodically with the National Land Policy Working Group (NLPWG).

 Specific Tasks

The specific objectives of the mission are: – Conduct an in-depth organizational diagnosis of the Land Records Management System with concrete proposals for implementing a land policy.

The consultants will perform the following specific tasks:

  • Review the concept paper for the National Land Policy based on comments received from the NLPWG, guidance notes from completed studies, independent stakeholder submissions, and other relevant publications.
  • Review policies and laws related to land sectors including environment, forestry, wetlands, minerals, agriculture, water, wildlife, energy, and human settlements.
  • Identify any information gaps and fill them.
  • Identify areas where consensus is lacking and propose solutions to resolve these impasses.
  • Develop the concept paper for the National Land Policy to serve as the basis for drafting the National Land Policy and submit it for approval to the NLPWG.
  • Prepare an inception report for the National Land Policy, including a proposed format (overview) considering regional IGAD gender-sensitive prototypical national land policies, the AU framework and guidelines on land policy in Africa, and the VGGT.
  • Discuss the inception report with the NLPWG and reach a consensus.
  • Prepare and submit the first draft of the National Land Policy to the NLPWG.
  • Discuss the first draft with the NLPWG, incorporate recommended amendments, and produce the second draft of the National Land Policy for national and national stakeholder consultations.
  • Conduct and facilitate consultations and receive feedback on the process.
  • Incorporate suggestions/recommendations from the consultative workshops into the second draft of the National Land Policy to produce the third draft.
  • Organize and facilitate national stakeholder workshops and receive feedback from the process.
  • Incorporate recommendations/suggestions into the third draft of the National Land Policy to produce the fourth draft.
  • Submit and discuss the fourth draft of the National Land Policy with the NLPWG in preparation for the National Land Conference.
  • Conduct and facilitate the National Land Conference and receive feedback from the process.
  • Incorporate recommendations/suggestions into the fourth draft of the National Land Policy and submit the fifth draft (final draft) of the National Land Policy in an acceptable form to the NLPWG.

Furthermore, all consultative meetings and proposed workshops will be organized by the Ministry of Budget in collaboration with the NLPWG.  The role of the consultants will be facilitation.


Academic Qualifications

  • Advanced degree in a relevant discipline (such as geomatics, urban planning and land use, land titles, land registry, environmental and land management engineering, natural resource management, urban or rural development, land administration).


  • At least 10 years of national experience in land registry, geomatics, cartography, and relevant surveying technologies
  • At least 10 years of professional experience in land reform in developing countries
  • Previous experience with land issues and land management structures;
  • Extensive experience in sub-Saharan Africa with a particular focus on land policy and land legal issues;
  • Previous experience in organizational development is an asset;
  • Having completed at least one similar mission in African countries

 Additional Knowledge and Skills Required.

  • Excellent analytical, interpersonal, and problem-solving skills, as well as the ability to bring alternative thinking to an organization;
  • Proficiency in written and spoken French;
  • Computer skills (word processing, spreadsheets, presentation software).


The Consultancy is for a total of 100 Man days spread over 6 months.


Interested Consultancy Firms must provide information indicating that they are qualified to perform the services by sending via email:

  • Cover letter with the applicant’s current contact information including how the candidate’s previous experience matches the consultancy objectives as well as their interest for the position (no longer two pages);
  • Comprehensive CVs of consultants proposed by the Consultancy Firm and professional references or letter of recommendation.

Eligibility criteria, establishment of the short-list and the selection procedure shall be in accordance IGAD procurement regulations.

Interested individual Consultants may obtain further information at the address below during office hours from Sunday to Thursday 7:30am to 2:30pm local time, or by email to with copies to &

The consultants should submit their Expression of Interest (EOI) to: with Copies to &  not later than 29th  June , 2024 at 23:59 Hrs. EAT (GMT+3). For further information’s see attached the Terms of Reference (TOR).  

Please note that at this stage no PROPOSALS whether TECHNICAL or FINANCIAL are requested.

Procurement Unit
Administration and Finance
IGAD Secretariat
Avenue Georges Clemenceau
P.O. Box 2653,
Djibouti, Republic of Djibouti

Download attached ToR document in PDF below.
Termes de reference de la politique foncière pour Djibouti-French Version
Terms of Reference for the DJIBOUTI NATIONAL LAND POLICY_ MAY 2024-English Version

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