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Strategic Environment and Social Assessment (SESA) Final Report

PROJECT BACKGROUND AND CONTEXT

The Horn of Africa Groundwater for Resilience (HoA GW4R) Program aims to increase sustainable access and management of groundwater (GW) in the Horn of Africa as a key contribution to strengthen the climate resilience of targeted communities, using the Multiphase Programmatic Approach (MPA). Three countries, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the Republic of Kenya, the Federal Republic of Somalia, and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), are included in phase-I of this regional program. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to improve groundwater management and access in the borderlands of the Horn of Africa. Considering regional-level, transboundary, and cumulative impacts through Regional Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (RSESA) before implementing the HoA GW4R Program ensures sustainable groundwater management and access. Prior to the implementation of the proposed program, it is essential to strategically identify environmental and social issues to provide information for decision-making and integrate environmental and social considerations into higher levels of decision-making. Taking this fact into account, HoA's GW4R Program implemented RSESA processes.

OBJECTIVES OF SESA

General Objectives of SESA: The overall objective of HoA GW4R's strategic environmental and social assessment is to evaluate the environmental and social impacts of the proposed program and its alternatives to make sure they are fully considered and taken into account at the earliest possible stage of decision-making.

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