The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is one of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) of the African Union. The IGAD region stretches over an area of 5.2 million square kilometres that comprises Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. The region has 6,960 kilometres of coastline with the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Tadjoura and the Red Sea.

Approximately 70 to 75 per cent of the IGAD region is made up of arid and semi-arid lands, which receive less than 600 mm of rainfall annually. The rest of the region has a great variety of climates and landscapes including cool highlands, swamp areas, tropical rainforests and other features typical of an equatorial region. The region possesses diverse ecosystems and agro-ecological zones at different altitudes ranging from 150 metres below sea level (Dalul) to about 4,600 metres above sea level (Mount Kenya).

Annual Report 2023 - Statement of the Executive Secretary

About the Report

Executive Summary

The year was marked by substantial achievements across our core pillars of agriculture, environment, economic cooperation, peace and security, health, and social development. As we reflect on the year’s progress, it is crucial to recognise the collective efforts of our Member States, development partners, and stakeholders that have been instrumental in these accomplishments.

Enhancing Food Security and Agricultural Productivity

IGAD has been pivotal in addressing food security challenges exacerbated by climatic changes and economic pressures. Our multifaceted approach included boosting agricultural productivity, enhancing animal health, and improving resilience against transboundary animal diseases. Notably, the implementation of advanced veterinary services and support for the fisheries sector has helped to stabilise food sources in vulnerable regions, contributing significantly to regional food security. Our efforts in the sustainable management of natural resources have been bolstered by initiatives to improve the governance of transboundary water resources and promote sustainable land management practices. These initiatives have contributed to enhanced environmental conservation and community resilience against natural disasters.

Climate Action and Environmental Management

Our commitment to combating environmental degradation and climate change saw progressive actions, including adopting innovative technologies for disaster risk management. Establishing the High-Performance Computing facility has notably enhanced our climate modelling capabilities, enabling more accurate weather forecasts and timely dissemination of climate information, which are critical for agricultural planning and disaster preparedness.

Promoting Economic Integration and Infrastructure Development

IGAD has actively promoted regional economic integration through significant infrastructure projects and policy harmonisation. This includes enhancing cross-border trade and energy cooperation. Our efforts in streamlining trade procedures and facilitating smoother border crossings have resulted in increased trade flows and strengthened economic ties among Member States, fostering a more integrated and economically diverse region.

Advancing Peace, Security, and Governance

In the realm of peace and security, IGAD has effectively utilised its platforms to mediate conflicts and promote diplomatic engagements. Our conflict early warning systems have been crucial in preempting and managing conflicts, thereby maintaining regional stability. Furthermore, initiatives to strengthen governance and institutional capacities have laid a stronger foundation for sustainable peace and security across the region.

Social Development and Inclusion

Significant efforts were made to ensure that social development and inclusion are at the forefront of our programmes. Initiatives aimed at empowering women, youth, and marginalised communities have been scaled up, resulting in greater participation and equitable access to resources and opportunities across the region. Our health initiatives have focused on enhancing the capacity of health systems to manage and respond to public health emergencies. The regional strategies deployed have improved surveillance, response to infectious diseases, and overall public health preparedness, which are vital in a region prone to health crises.

Gender Equality and Youth Empowerment

IGAD continues to champion gender equality and youth empowerment. Initiatives to engage women in economic activities and decision-making processes have been impactful, fostering inclusivity and social equity throughout the region.

Partnerships and Collaborations

IGAD’s efforts to strengthen partnerships and international collaborations have been noteworthy. Strategic alliances with various international stakeholders have been revitalised, amplifying the impact of regional programmes and projects. These collaborations have not only enhanced capacity building but also ensured that IGAD’s interventions are sustainable and aligned with global development goals.

Financial Performance

IGAD maintained a robust and accountable financial system. Our commitment to transparency and effective management has ensured that the funds and resources entrusted to us are utilised efficiently and effectively. The financial strategies employed this year have not only maximised resource utilisation but also attracted further funding from international donors, enhancing our operational capacity to deliver our mandates.

Looking Forward

As we move into 2024, IGAD is poised to build on the past year’s successes while adapting to emerging global and regional challenges. Our focus will remain on enhancing the resilience of our communities, promoting sustainable development, and deepening regional integration for the prosperity and stability of the IGAD region.

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Previous Reports
IGAD Annual Report 2022

To download the Annual Report 2023 (English and French) versions, click on the links below: