Tuesday, Jun 15, 2021

October 21, 2020 Peste des petits ruminantes (PPR) and other key small ruminant diseases (SRDs) are among trade-sensitive Animal diseases in the IGAD Region. The IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD), established and operationalized the regional PPR control and eradication coordination committee (CECC), developed regional PPR strategies and programme for the control and eradication of PPR, asisted IGAD countries to develop national PPR strategies and align to the regional and global strategies. These actions are believed to contribute to joint and coordinated efforts towards eradicating PPR gloably by 2030. The objectives of this meeting were to review the progress and updates on regional, continental and global  PPR control and eradication programme, to receive updates on PPR control and eradication efforts at national levels  including resource mobilization efforts and to coordinate, exchange good practices and lessons on PPR/SRD Control and eradication programmes in the region. The participants were Directors of Veterinary Services (CVOs) and PPR Focal Persons from 12 member states of Eastern Africa (IGAD and EAC), regional Laboratory, EPI and quarantine coordinators from the region and technical partner international organisations such as AU-IBAR, FAO, OIE, PANVAC, ILRI and ICPALD/IGAD. The meeting conducted on October 21, 2020. Dr. Harry Oyas , representing the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO), Kenya, opened the workshop. Welcome remarks were also made by Dr. Solomon Munyua; Director of ICPALD, and Prof. Ahmed; Director of AUIBAR.

The key recommendations are categorized as follows


  1. Resource mobilization
  • Member states (MS) should include in national budgets as well as into national resource mobilization efforts from donor communities and lenders PPR eradication programs/ activities as national priority
  • Member states with support of IGAD should carry out advocacy to policy makers (national and sub-national levels) to include PPR eradication into national and sub-national plans to attract national funding.
  • Member states and development partners such as (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should undertake resource mobilization to support cross border programs that will help the eradication of PPR and other TADs


  1. Coordination
  • MS and IGAD should facilitate implementation of signed cross border bilateral and multilateral MoUs to harmonize regional prevention and control efforts of PPR- surveillance, vaccination, information sharing and reporting while AU-IBAR should support coordination and cooperation between RECs
  • All partners (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should strengthen regional advisory body (RAG)
  • Countries should strengthen/ establish the implementation coordination structures at national and sub-national levels and seek more buy-in for PPR eradication plans to give more support to surveillance and control activities
  • Develop and disseminate key messages on PPR eradication;


  1. Capacity building/training
  • Facilitate regional training on Risk analysis and use of revised PMAT tool by FAO and OIE
  • OIE, FAO, AU-IBAR and IGAD to support MS on identified technical assistance to develop investment ready plans to be funded as special program, for effective PPR control and eradication;
  • MS to focus on revised PMAT and the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (TAHC - Chapter 14.7) as tools for assessment and guidance on progressing from one stage to the other along the PPR control and eradication pathway


  1. Vaccination
  • MS to undertake epidemiology supported risk based vaccination and promote responsibilities for appropriate public private sector partnerships (PPP) in the delivery of PPR vaccination where applicable
  • Strengthen external vaccine quality control by PANVAC and MS to utilize only PANVAC quality certified vaccine

ICPALD expresses appreciation to FAO /SFE/ for funding this activity




1 October 2020: Reports showed that Kenya’s economy lost about USD 3.3 billion in three years due to the effects of drought on livestock from 2008 to 2011.  Somalia also reported livestock-related losses averaged USD 1.5 billion for the period of the drought in 2017; Of this loses; the contribution of inadequate feed is substantial. On the other hand; the region has a potential to produce and meet the deficiency locally to increase milk and meat; and also to export as feed to countries such as Djibouti and Somalia with the region and to the Gulf countries. To this effect there must be coordinated efforts to address the key bottlenecks including coordination and sharing of good practices and lessons 

 The virtual workshop conducted on October 01, 2020. The countries updated the participants on the status feed reserve for emergency period in IGAD member states; and the status of commercialization of feed and seed production and marketing (rained and irrigated); key challenges and recommendations. Moreover, the implementation status of previous recommendations of the regional platform also reviewed. The workshop was attended by participants from the line Ministries of livestock production from IGAD member states, some projects working on feed and resilience; NGOs and the private sector; AUIBAR and ICPALD.

 Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of IGAD/ICPALD made welcome remarks and emphasized the importance of enhancing feed security in the region; and Mr Vincent Ngari Githinji, the Acting Director of Livestock Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries; Kenya officially opened the regional workshop. He reiterated the importance of promoting commercial production of pasture and fodder crops to cope with the increased frequency of drought. The workshop participants made the following recommendations:


  1. Promote private sector investment on feed and seed production through continued sensitization, capacity building and advocacy.
  2. Advocate for policy and regulatory dialogues to develop favorable legal frameworks that will facilitate investment on commercial fodder and seed production through government incentives such as tax waiver, low interest loan facilities, purchase from producers to distribute to deficient localities among others
  3. Facilitate South to South bilateral and regional partnerships for exchange learning of good practices in improving feed reserve; commercial fodder production and marketing
  4. Facilitate development of national animal feed inventories and promote mechanization and fodder bulking in fodder deficient locations
  5. Strengthen forage seed production and quality control system to improve seed availability as well as promote market linkages within countries and internationally through robust market information systems for fodder and seed
  6. Promotion of investments in scale up of proven feed and seed interventions and agricultural mechanization through public private partnerships approach
  7. Capacity build skills for mainstream stakeholders (cooperatives, Community Based Organizations (CBOs), ranchers; pastoralists as well as extension staff) on feed supplementation strategies and use of total mixed ration, forage harvesting, picking, chopping, fortification and conservation approaches
  8. Strengthen peace building mechanism in conflict prone locations and advocate for improvement; maintenance and protection of seasonal feed grazing areas


IGAD/ICPALD expresses appreciation to Swiss Development Cooperation/SDC/ for financing this event through the IGAD /FAO implemented Partnership Programme.



1-2nd September 2020: IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in collaboration with AU-IBAR with financial support from EU organized a bilateral two days virtual meeting between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Republic of Sudan to finalize and endorse the implementation framework (IF) to operationalize the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) and sign the MOU.

The technical meeting held on 1st September 2020 finalized the development of IF that put in place the governance structure from each country to follow up and support the implementation of the signed MoU. Four key strategic objectives, several specific objectives and various activities were identified and agreed to help translate the priority areas or cooperation in the MOU. This was followed by ministerial meeting responsible for livestock on Sept 02, 2020 and the MOU was signed virtually by the two ministers. This achievement will strengthen the two countries’ cooperation and collaboration along their common borders to address animal health issues including harmonized disease surveillance, disease prevention & control, sharing of natural resources, diagnostic infrastructures and timely sharing of animal health and trade information. Participants included Ministers, Veterinary technical staff from national and border state governments, IFAD, FAO, EU Djibouti delegation, AU-IBAR and ICPALD.

Hon. Fikru Regessa, State Minister of Livestock and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Hon. Adil Farah, Undersecretary and Ag. Minister of Animal Resources and Fisheries, the Republic of Sudan opened the meeting. Prof. Ahmed Elsahai, Director of AU-IBAR and Dr. SJM Munyua, Director of ICPALD also made remarks.  They all reiterated that signing the MoU on crossborder coordination and cooperation on animal health and sanitary measures will benefit the efforts towards harmonized management of transboundary animal diseases between the two countries which will in turn enhance livestock trade. Moreover, these MOU will facilitate and strengthen the cooperation to curb informal trade that denies the two countries revenue in form of uncollected tax. Furthermore, since the IGAD region is focusing on tapping into the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement that will be launched in January, 2021 and open up the huge African continent market, compliance with sanitary measures is key to penetrating into the market. This can only be achieved through effective coordinated and harmonized prevention of trade sensitive diseases, hence the need for a bilateral MoU that should be implemented for the benefit of the two countries and the region.

 The two ministers in the communique agreed to


  • Advocate and maintain political will at the highest level of their two countries in support of the Memorandum of Understanding and the Implementation Framework aimed at operationalizing the MOU
  • Mobilize required resources from within our respective countries, in collaboration with IGAD, AU-IBAR and other partners from the Donor community to fund various activities in the MoU areas of cooperation and the implementation framework (IF).

3rd August, 2020: A study was undertaken by ICPALD, through IDDRSI IL project funded by USAID, in Karamoja cluster which identified various resilience enhancing technologies and good practices along the livestock value chain. Some policy gaps were also identified and four business cases for investments in livestock trade, namely; improved animal breeding, feedloting, livestock marketing and slaughterhouses were developed and shared as communication messages with the private sector to help them make informed decisions. Welcome remarks were made by Dr. Ameha Sebsibe, on behalf of the Director of ICPALD and opened by Fredrick on behalf of the Director of Livestock Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Cooperatives. They both noted that IGAD region is well endowed with huge livestock resource but its potential is not fully harnessed due to several challenges such as limited value addition, inadequate marketing and use of fodder and pasture as a result of increased frequency of drought and invasion of desert locust. There is need for increased and coordinated efforts by governments and the private sector to make adequate investment in order to fill the deficit and benefit from the existing resources and demands for livestock products. Fifty-six participants largely drawn from the private sector and few from the public sector as regulators, banking sector as financial lending institutions, ICPALD and IGAD secretariat, attended the meeting held on 3rd August, 2020. The meeting made the following recommendations:

  • The public sector should play a facilitative role to the private sector in terms of awareness creation about investment opportunities, capacity building to facilitate compliance with sanitary measures as well as facilitate harmonization of policies among IGAD member states to promote crossborder trade in livestock and their products
  • The private sector should invest in value addition along the livestock value chain to maximize on profit gains
  • The private sector with support of the public sector should empress production of improved fast maturing and high yielding livestock breeds for commercial purposes and better income
  • The private sector with the support of the public sector should empress e-marketing to mitigate effects of shocks such as pandemics like COVID-19
  • The private sector should keep bankable records of their businesses to enable them reach out to financial institutions for loan facilities to upgrade or diversify their investments
  • Financial institutions should continue with their market penetrations skills to reach many private sector stakeholders who may benefit from loan facilities

 Acknowledgment: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for funding this activity


5th August, 2020 : The informal crossborder trade (ICBT) policy framework seeks to leverage policy and regulatory shifts in ICBT as a viable means to transform the lives of millions of people living in the borderlands of the IGAD region and promote peace and stability crossborder areas. It seeks to enhance the integration of the Horn of Africa and, at the same time, reduce the incidence of cross-border instability and conflict. Through IDDRSI IL project funded by USAID, a virtual meeting was organized on 5th August, 2020 to create awareness on the same to the public and private sectors.  Dr. SJM Munyua, the Director of ICPALD made a welcome remark and Vincent Githinji, on behalf of the Director of Livestock Production, MoALFC made opening remark. They informed participants that awareness on ICBT and CBSG to traders as well as the public sector is of paramount importance if the member states will be able to turn informal trade into formal. Majority of traders engage into informal trade due to inadequate knowledge of what formal trade entails, mostly fueled by cartels who want to fleece those small scale traders engaged in crossborder trade. Fifty-nine participants invited from border officials, traders of livestock and staple grain, customs, national bureau of standards, East Africa Trade Mark and border security personnel, CEWARN, ICPALD and USAID attended the meeting. The following recommendations were made:

  1. IGAD member states should strengthen border security governance by including local governance structures and relevant community associations to monitor crossborder informal trade in long porous borders devoid of government law enforcement institutions
  2. Governments should upgrade the one stop border posts to take on board human health issues to the level of pandemics in addition to strengthening laboratory testing capacities according to the needs of each
  3. There is need for more awareness creation about the ICBT policy framework with key messages targeting taxable quantities of goods and commodities to mitigate tax evasion by unaware small-scale traders
  4. Grades and standards user agencies and ministries should do more dissemination to mainstream private sector users to enhance compliance in order to promote inter/ intra-regional trade in livestock, staple grains and other goods
  5. IGAD member states should strive to harmonize grades and standards of their tradable commodities to promote regional trade as well as exploit African continental market after the launch of AfCFTA agreement come January, 2021
  6. It is important to advocate for more one stop border posts (OSBP) within IGAD member states to increase government regulations along their long porous unregulated borders to ease movements and promote formal crossborder
  7. IGAD member states should develop more infrastructures such as border markets, water pans, roads, laboratories, fodder banks, holding grounds etc along their common borders to facilitate more formal crossborder trade
  8. IGAD member states should work on ways to eliminate non-tariff barriers (NTBs) among themselves to promote crossborder trade regionally


Acknowledgement: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for funding this activity


South Sudan Cessation of Hostilities Agreement


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