Wednesday, Jan 19, 2022

IGAD/ICPALD (June 8-19, 2020): Risk analysis is an essential tool to characterize and evaluate risks, and inform preventive, preparedness and control measures. Previous training conducted by different projects, partners and countries were fragmented and more of theoretical. The IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas & Livestock Development (ICPALD) has therefore requested the European Commission for the Control of foot-and-mouth disease (EuFMD) to collaborate with the development and delivery of a training course on qualitative risk analysis to produce a critical mass of experts in IGAD countries working in the livestock public sector to support transboundary animal disease control in the region and enhance safe trade. The training approach used was an integrated training approach; composed of online e-learning, face-to-face sessions and application and reporting; designed as one package.

The three phases of training started on January 08, 2020 and ended on June 19, 2020 after 4 days long virtual final session. Overall the training took six months including field work and mentorship. The trainees were from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda and each country team undertook study using the risk analysis tool; the reports reviewed to verify the skill and knowledge is captured. Finally, each trainee received certificate signed by ICPALD director and EU-FMD /FAO

The key recommendations include the trainees to cascade the knowledge and skill gained and   help in integrating the risk analysis tool in their Veterinary services program; and to scale up similar training to other IGAD member states. ICPALD also commend the support of EU-FMD and RPLRP (WB) project.


IGAD/ICPALD (June 2-3, 2020): ICPALD in collaboration of IDDRSI team and with the financial support of USAID conducted a review and field studies pre-COVID pandemic to identify, validate and share innovative resilience-enhancing technologies and practices in: (I) livestock value chains and (ii) fodder and animal feed in cross-border areas of IGAD cluster 1 (Karamoja cluster). The assessment reports identified technologies and practices which have undergone proof-of-concept and ready to be taken to scale through private sector engagement. The virtual meetings conducted on June 2-3, 2020

Dr. Stephen Chumba, opened the virtual meeting on behalf of the Director of Veterinary Services Kenya after welcome remarks by Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of ICPALD. They both encouraged participants to pay keen attention to add value to the reports in terms of technologies and innovations that can be enhanced along the livestock value chain and fodder and fodder seed production. They noted that livestock is a key livelihood resource in Karamoja and other ASAL regions of IGAD, therefore deserve to be supported to adopt modern technologies be it at production, value addition, marketing among others. To ensure proper validation the reports were shared before the meeting; comments collected. Moreover; additional comments and recommendations were received during the meeting; discussed and incorporated in the report. Fifty-five (55) participants drawn from the public, private sectors of the member states, UN agencies, NGOs, USAID and IGAD attended the virtual meeting. The meetings made the following recommendations:

Livestock value chain

  1. Hides and Skins preserving, collection and processing (at cottage and community levels) needs to be developed to create jobs and wealth.
  2. E-platform market information systems need to be developed for crossborder markets especially with constrained movement of livestock and traders during this Corvid -19 Pandemic and any other future shocks.
  3. Develop appropriate infrastructure along the livestock movement/ trade/ migration routes to quicken movements or transactions
  4. Consider strengthening or establishing digital e-platforms for disease surveillance and animal health service delivery to mitigate potential shocks such as pandemics, drought, floods
  5. Facilitate capacity building of pastoral households to improve their livestock breeds (Red Maasai & Dorpers, Boran & Sahiwal cattle etc) using Genomics technology with a view of not losing original best traits of indigenous characteristics.

Fodder and fodder seed production

  1. Establish linkages between National and County/ District/ Woreda and Farmer Training Schools on Fodder and Fodder seeds production and best practices using lead farmers’ approach.
  2. Facilitate capacity building of communities on early detection, surveillance and reporting of locust invasion for effective control by spraying.
  3. Build the capacity of agro-pastoralists to develop resilient livelihood systems (Pasture and fodder development and feed conservation infrastructure) to withstand shocks such as drought, floods and pandemics like coronavirus.
  4. Facilitate promotion of pasture establishment through rain-fed pasture development and irrigated pastures along strategic water body areas / rivers across the ASALs, rangeland improvement; feed conservation and feed storage at community levels.
  5. Support fodder /pasture seed certification and establish strategic hay reserves in selected counties/ Woredas/ districts and build capacity of groups and traders to commercialize hay and seeds.


12-13th March 2020 (Entebbe, Uganda); IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in collaboration with USAID; AU-IBAR and RPLRP supported IGAD member states to develop and validate national SPS strategies aligned to IGAD regional SPS strategy. Most countries also supported to establish and operationalize national SPS committees to enhance inter-sectoral collaboration and share lessons regularly for improved compliance with SPS standards.

A two-day regional meeting was convened in Entebbe, Uganda to assess the progress of implementation of the national strategies; action plan and national SPS committees in all IGAD member states with an aim of strengthening their operations and share lessons and good experiences among countries. Dr. Anna Rose Ademun, the Chief Veterinary Officer, Uganda, officially opened the meeting while Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) made welcome remarks. Both reminded participants that countries should be aware of African Continental Free Trade Area agreement (AfCFTA) that will come into force in July 2020 and therefore improve on their SPS compliance status in order to benefit from African common market of more than 1.3 billion population. Twenty six (26) participants drawn from the ministries responsible for animal resources and national standard agencies from IGAD member states, ARSO, AU-IBAR, the private sector involved in the area and IGAD/ICPALD, attended the meeting. The following recommendations were made:


  1. Countries and all relevant implementers (IGAD, AU-IBAR, ARSO) should continue with awareness creation/ advocacy and publicity of SPS strategies, standards and AfCFTA agreement to mainstream stakeholders utilizing any available opportunities and resources,
  2. The regulatory authorities and the private sector should work closely to strengthen self or regulated compliance with SPS measures and all established standards to ensure seamless trade from the region,
  3. Member States, IGAD, AU-IBAR and ARSO should continue with resource mobilization and coordination to facilitate regional harmonization of some grades and standards of livestock commodities such live animals, meat, milk and hides and skins among others
  4. Countries should establish/ strengthen inter-sectoral coordination through national SPS committees and use any available resources to undertake regular meetings and  implement their national activities,


Acknowledgement: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for financing this activity


February 17-18th 2020, Juba (South Sudan) IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) with financial support from FAO funded by the EU organized a bilateral two days meeting between South Sudan and Sudan to launch the governance structure and sign the bilateral Memorandum of Understanding on crossborder cooperation and coordination on animal health and sanitary measures in Juba, South Sudan on 17-18th February 2020. The technical meeting held on 17th February 2020 launched the MoU governance structure and developed a harmonized calendar between the two countries for conducting surveillance and vaccination of crossborder animals against the identified priority transboundary animal diseases (TADs). A one-day meeting of Ministers responsible for animal resources in the two countries on 18th February 2020 who signed the MoU followed this. This achievement will strengthen the two countries’ cooperation and collaboration along their common borders to address animal health issues including disease surveillance, disease prevention & control, sharing of natural resources, diagnostic infrastructures and timely sharing of animal health and trade information. The technical and Ministerial meetings held back to back were attended by 25 and 29 participants respectively from the two countries. Participants included Ministers, Sudan Embassy officer, Veterinary technical staff from national and state governments, FAO, EU delegation and IGAD /ICPALD.

Hon. James Janka Duku, Minister of Livestock and Fisheries Development of the Republic of South Sudan officially opened the meeting. He reiterated that signing the MoU on crossborder coordination and cooperation on animal health and sanitary measures will benefit the efforts towards harmonized management of transboundary animal diseases to enhance crossborder livestock trade. S. Sudan and Sudan should therefore put up mechanisms to regularize livestock trade between them to curb informal trade that denies the two countries revenue in form of uncollected tax. The Minister also emphasized the importance of commercialization of livestock production and export from S. Sudan to international markets like in the Middle East and North Africa countries.  Welcome remarks were made by Hon. Dr. Solomon Munyua ICPALD Director, DR. ALAMELDIN ABDULLAH, Minister of Animal Resources, Republic of Sudan; Mr. Malo Meshack, FAO representative South Sudan and Dr. Sinead WALSH; Ambassador – Head of EU Delegation

The two meetings achieved the following:

  • The technical meeting launched the MoU governance structure and developed harmonized disease surveillance and vaccination calendar against priority cross border TADs,
  • The two Ministers signed the MoU.

The ministerial meeting committed to:

  • Advocate and maintain political will at the highest level of their two countries in support of the Memorandum of Understanding and the Implementation Framework aimed at operationalizing the MOU
  • Mobilize required resources from within their respective countries, in collaboration with IGAD and FAO from the Donor community to fund various activities in the MoU areas of cooperation and the implementation framework (IF) 

Recommendations and way forward from technical meeting:
Map out ongoing cross border initiatives and facilitate coordination among government and development partners’ funded projects

Facilitate awareness on cross border MoU during the community migration dialogue, at policy and development partner levels
Launch synchronized/ harmonized crossborder vaccination against priority TADs- at Abyei and Renk/ Maban border areas
IGAD to convene donor meeting to present the MoU and progress made and solicit resource mobilization

Develop a protocol for sharing of crossborder sanitary information and trade
Map out available crossborder natural resource and infrastructure facilities (labs, markets, quarantines) that support crossborder animal health and sanitary measures

IGAD /ICPALD expresses appreciation to EU and FAO for funding this activity 


Feb. 9-10. 2020, (Mogadishu, Somalia): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) organized a national stakeholder’s workshop to review, enrich and validate the draft Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) strategy on 9-10th February 2020. The national strategy covers five years; 2020- 2024. The stakeholders are SPS technical experts and private sectors from across the country; these are from the MoLFR, Ministry of Commerce, SOMFRESH, SOMEAT, Jazeera Quarantine and ICPALD participated.

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