Sunday, Oct 17, 2021

5th August, 2020 : The informal crossborder trade (ICBT) policy framework seeks to leverage policy and regulatory shifts in ICBT as a viable means to transform the lives of millions of people living in the borderlands of the IGAD region and promote peace and stability crossborder areas. It seeks to enhance the integration of the Horn of Africa and, at the same time, reduce the incidence of cross-border instability and conflict. Through IDDRSI IL project funded by USAID, a virtual meeting was organized on 5th August, 2020 to create awareness on the same to the public and private sectors.  Dr. SJM Munyua, the Director of ICPALD made a welcome remark and Vincent Githinji, on behalf of the Director of Livestock Production, MoALFC made opening remark. They informed participants that awareness on ICBT and CBSG to traders as well as the public sector is of paramount importance if the member states will be able to turn informal trade into formal. Majority of traders engage into informal trade due to inadequate knowledge of what formal trade entails, mostly fueled by cartels who want to fleece those small scale traders engaged in crossborder trade. Fifty-nine participants invited from border officials, traders of livestock and staple grain, customs, national bureau of standards, East Africa Trade Mark and border security personnel, CEWARN, ICPALD and USAID attended the meeting. The following recommendations were made:

  1. IGAD member states should strengthen border security governance by including local governance structures and relevant community associations to monitor crossborder informal trade in long porous borders devoid of government law enforcement institutions
  2. Governments should upgrade the one stop border posts to take on board human health issues to the level of pandemics in addition to strengthening laboratory testing capacities according to the needs of each
  3. There is need for more awareness creation about the ICBT policy framework with key messages targeting taxable quantities of goods and commodities to mitigate tax evasion by unaware small-scale traders
  4. Grades and standards user agencies and ministries should do more dissemination to mainstream private sector users to enhance compliance in order to promote inter/ intra-regional trade in livestock, staple grains and other goods
  5. IGAD member states should strive to harmonize grades and standards of their tradable commodities to promote regional trade as well as exploit African continental market after the launch of AfCFTA agreement come January, 2021
  6. It is important to advocate for more one stop border posts (OSBP) within IGAD member states to increase government regulations along their long porous unregulated borders to ease movements and promote formal crossborder
  7. IGAD member states should develop more infrastructures such as border markets, water pans, roads, laboratories, fodder banks, holding grounds etc along their common borders to facilitate more formal crossborder trade
  8. IGAD member states should work on ways to eliminate non-tariff barriers (NTBs) among themselves to promote crossborder trade regionally


Acknowledgement: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for funding this activity


3rd August, 2020. Acceptance of innovative technologies and practices is determined by the extent to which they are adapted to cater for market-specific requirements and the process through which they are disseminated to the users in the market. An assessment in Karamoja cluster identified various resilience enhancing technologies that have had proven concept with the support of IDDRSI IL project funded by USAID, from which, three business cases, namely; commercial hay production, fodder seed multiplication and fortified animal feed production were developed. They were presented in a virtual meeting of private sector stakeholders drawn from Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda on 3rd August, 2020.

The meeting was addressed by Dr. Ameha Sebsibe, on behalf of the Director of ICPALD, and opened by Fredrick Aloo representing Director of Livestock Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Cooperatives. They both emphasized that improving commercial production of fodder and fodder seeds is critical for better performance of the livestock sector that employs over eighty percent of inhabitants of arid and semi-arid lands that constitute about 60-70% of IGAD land mass. Fifty six (56) participants largely drawn from the private sector and few from the public sector as regulators, banking sector as financial lending institutions, ICPALD and IGAD secretariat, attended the meeting held virtually on 3rd August, 2020. The meeting made the following recommendations:  

  • Governments should facilitate the private sector to improve commercial fodder production through various incentives, capacity development as well as harmonize policies at regional level to promote regional trade in the cluster and beyond
  • Private sector should seize the investment opportunities in fodder value chain using available loan facilities from financial institutions to promote investment in the sector
  • Government/Counties/Private sector should invest in infrastructure that supports fodder/seed production, value addition, storage and marketing (physical and e-platform).
  • Governments in partnership with the private sector (PPP) and or private sector should invest on successful fodder and seed interventions to meet regional and international demands and improve the market share
  • Governments should strengthen certification of fodder seeds to mitigate quality issues; improve confidence and enhance trade
  • Strengthen research to promote fodder production for commercial purposes
  • Financial institutions should continue with awareness creation to private sector investors on available loan facilities and collateral requirements.


Acknowledgement: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for funding this activity.


IGAD/ICPALD (June 8-19, 2020): Risk analysis is an essential tool to characterize and evaluate risks, and inform preventive, preparedness and control measures. Previous training conducted by different projects, partners and countries were fragmented and more of theoretical. The IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas & Livestock Development (ICPALD) has therefore requested the European Commission for the Control of foot-and-mouth disease (EuFMD) to collaborate with the development and delivery of a training course on qualitative risk analysis to produce a critical mass of experts in IGAD countries working in the livestock public sector to support transboundary animal disease control in the region and enhance safe trade. The training approach used was an integrated training approach; composed of online e-learning, face-to-face sessions and application and reporting; designed as one package.

The three phases of training started on January 08, 2020 and ended on June 19, 2020 after 4 days long virtual final session. Overall the training took six months including field work and mentorship. The trainees were from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda and each country team undertook study using the risk analysis tool; the reports reviewed to verify the skill and knowledge is captured. Finally, each trainee received certificate signed by ICPALD director and EU-FMD /FAO

The key recommendations include the trainees to cascade the knowledge and skill gained and   help in integrating the risk analysis tool in their Veterinary services program; and to scale up similar training to other IGAD member states. ICPALD also commend the support of EU-FMD and RPLRP (WB) project.


IGAD/ICPALD (June 2-3, 2020): ICPALD in collaboration of IDDRSI team and with the financial support of USAID conducted a review and field studies pre-COVID pandemic to identify, validate and share innovative resilience-enhancing technologies and practices in: (I) livestock value chains and (ii) fodder and animal feed in cross-border areas of IGAD cluster 1 (Karamoja cluster). The assessment reports identified technologies and practices which have undergone proof-of-concept and ready to be taken to scale through private sector engagement. The virtual meetings conducted on June 2-3, 2020

Dr. Stephen Chumba, opened the virtual meeting on behalf of the Director of Veterinary Services Kenya after welcome remarks by Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of ICPALD. They both encouraged participants to pay keen attention to add value to the reports in terms of technologies and innovations that can be enhanced along the livestock value chain and fodder and fodder seed production. They noted that livestock is a key livelihood resource in Karamoja and other ASAL regions of IGAD, therefore deserve to be supported to adopt modern technologies be it at production, value addition, marketing among others. To ensure proper validation the reports were shared before the meeting; comments collected. Moreover; additional comments and recommendations were received during the meeting; discussed and incorporated in the report. Fifty-five (55) participants drawn from the public, private sectors of the member states, UN agencies, NGOs, USAID and IGAD attended the virtual meeting. The meetings made the following recommendations:

Livestock value chain

  1. Hides and Skins preserving, collection and processing (at cottage and community levels) needs to be developed to create jobs and wealth.
  2. E-platform market information systems need to be developed for crossborder markets especially with constrained movement of livestock and traders during this Corvid -19 Pandemic and any other future shocks.
  3. Develop appropriate infrastructure along the livestock movement/ trade/ migration routes to quicken movements or transactions
  4. Consider strengthening or establishing digital e-platforms for disease surveillance and animal health service delivery to mitigate potential shocks such as pandemics, drought, floods
  5. Facilitate capacity building of pastoral households to improve their livestock breeds (Red Maasai & Dorpers, Boran & Sahiwal cattle etc) using Genomics technology with a view of not losing original best traits of indigenous characteristics.

Fodder and fodder seed production

  1. Establish linkages between National and County/ District/ Woreda and Farmer Training Schools on Fodder and Fodder seeds production and best practices using lead farmers’ approach.
  2. Facilitate capacity building of communities on early detection, surveillance and reporting of locust invasion for effective control by spraying.
  3. Build the capacity of agro-pastoralists to develop resilient livelihood systems (Pasture and fodder development and feed conservation infrastructure) to withstand shocks such as drought, floods and pandemics like coronavirus.
  4. Facilitate promotion of pasture establishment through rain-fed pasture development and irrigated pastures along strategic water body areas / rivers across the ASALs, rangeland improvement; feed conservation and feed storage at community levels.
  5. Support fodder /pasture seed certification and establish strategic hay reserves in selected counties/ Woredas/ districts and build capacity of groups and traders to commercialize hay and seeds.


12-13th March 2020 (Entebbe, Uganda); IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in collaboration with USAID; AU-IBAR and RPLRP supported IGAD member states to develop and validate national SPS strategies aligned to IGAD regional SPS strategy. Most countries also supported to establish and operationalize national SPS committees to enhance inter-sectoral collaboration and share lessons regularly for improved compliance with SPS standards.

A two-day regional meeting was convened in Entebbe, Uganda to assess the progress of implementation of the national strategies; action plan and national SPS committees in all IGAD member states with an aim of strengthening their operations and share lessons and good experiences among countries. Dr. Anna Rose Ademun, the Chief Veterinary Officer, Uganda, officially opened the meeting while Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) made welcome remarks. Both reminded participants that countries should be aware of African Continental Free Trade Area agreement (AfCFTA) that will come into force in July 2020 and therefore improve on their SPS compliance status in order to benefit from African common market of more than 1.3 billion population. Twenty six (26) participants drawn from the ministries responsible for animal resources and national standard agencies from IGAD member states, ARSO, AU-IBAR, the private sector involved in the area and IGAD/ICPALD, attended the meeting. The following recommendations were made:


  1. Countries and all relevant implementers (IGAD, AU-IBAR, ARSO) should continue with awareness creation/ advocacy and publicity of SPS strategies, standards and AfCFTA agreement to mainstream stakeholders utilizing any available opportunities and resources,
  2. The regulatory authorities and the private sector should work closely to strengthen self or regulated compliance with SPS measures and all established standards to ensure seamless trade from the region,
  3. Member States, IGAD, AU-IBAR and ARSO should continue with resource mobilization and coordination to facilitate regional harmonization of some grades and standards of livestock commodities such live animals, meat, milk and hides and skins among others
  4. Countries should establish/ strengthen inter-sectoral coordination through national SPS committees and use any available resources to undertake regular meetings and  implement their national activities,


Acknowledgement: ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for financing this activity


South Sudan Cessation of Hostilities Agreement


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