Wednesday, Jan 19, 2022

 

24-28th May, 2021 (Entebbe, Uganda): Under WTO SPS agreement, countries are required to publish all sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS measures) and notify changes to SPS measures. Therefore, countries are required to identify a single central government authority to be responsible for the notification requirements of the SPS Agreement (the notification authority). They are further required to establish an enquiry point responsible for answering questions from other countries about SPS measures and related issues (the enquiry point) to facilitate trade.

In comparison with other geographical regions and major trading partners in agricultural commodities such as Europe and Asia, Africa’s contribution of global notifications on SPS measures was 3% since the establishment of the WTO until September 2019, while the region continues to enact new legislations and regulations, and develop new standards that impact on agricultural trade. Due to this poor notification performance, IGAD/ICPALD in partnership with AU-IBAR organized a 5 days regional training for the NNA, NEP and the private sector from Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda from May 24-28, 2021 in Entebe, Uganda. The training was officially opened by Richard Okot, Commissioner of Trade of the Republic of Uganda and attended by 28 trainees. The training is believed to enhance reporting; transparency and trade.

 Below are the follow up steps and recommendations from the training:

 

  1. Follow up steps for ensuring the formulation and or the activation of the regional;
  • National Notification Authority
  • National Enquiry Points
  • SPS Regional or National Committee
  • Standard Operating Procedure
  1. IGAD member states should register for attendance of the online WTO SPS Committee meetings including as observers.

 

  1. National and regional capacity building trainings for private sector and regulatory authorities on:
  • SPS issues
  • Transparency and NEPs
  • Registration and use of the ePing alert
  1. IGAD and AU-IBAR should organize a South to South learning tour for NEP and NNA IGAD members states to e.g. Kenya and South Africa). The learning to include:
  • Operation of the NEP and NNA
  • Coordination with the other relevant agencies, partners and private sector
  • Surveillance procedures where a ban has been imposed
  1. IGAD adapt from AfCFTA an IGAD notification form and procedure for members;
  2. IGAD should develop the work program for the regional SPS Committee to tackle issues affecting the members i.e. assessment of key issues; regular meetings to provide a forum for discussion on the progress and challenges. This will help build capacity for the participation of members at the continental and WTO level for SPS matters.

 

Acknowledgement: IGAD-ICPALD extends its appreciation to AU-IBAR for funding this activity

 

18thNovember 2020 (virtual meeting): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in collaboration with AUIBAR and ARSO organized a regional meeting to assess preparedness of IGAD countries so far, identify key technical issues that require attention of higher policy body in order to benefit optimally the countries from the AfCFTA initiatives.

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IGAD /ICPALD organized the 10th Annual Eastern Africa Regional Animal Health Network (EA-RAHN) virtual meeting in collaboration with FAO, AUIBAR and OIE. It was undertaken from October 26-27; 2020 and financed by FAO/SFE. Animal health surveillance, risk assessment and early warning of potential disease outbreaks all rely on timely information sharing among the key stakeholders. Disease information sharing, among partners involved in public and animal health, helps to ensure that an integrated risk assessment approach is applied to the understanding of pathogen ecologies. Ultimately, sharing of information is key to improving the development of disease control strategies and addressing other public health threats at all levels (local, national, regional and international). To this end, existing national and regional surveillance (epidemiology, and laboratory) systems /networks play a crucial role in gathering quality disease and AMR/AMU data, and providing sound epidemiological and risk interpretation for informed action.

The EA-RAHN brought together the Chief veterinary officers (CVOs), Epidemiologists, and Laboratory Heads, from the 12[1] member countries. It was also attended by technical staff from regional quarantine network and other relevant institutions; IGAD/EAC; AU-IBAR, FAO, and OIE are the members of RAHN Secretariat. 

In addition to information sharing RAHN also provides an excellent platform where scientists and policy makers converge to explore how they can jointly facilitate the implementation of effective and efficient animal health interventions in the region.

Welcome remarks were made by Prof. Ahmed Elsawalhy, Director of AU-IBAR, and Dr. Ricarda Mondry representing FAO’s Sub-regional Office for East Africa (FAOSFE), Dr. Samuel Wakhusama, OIE rep Eastern Africa and Dr. SJM Munyua, ICPALD Director. The regional meeting was opened by Dr. Harry Oyas on behalf of the Chief Veterinary Officer, Kenya

 The key recommendations were  

  • Support capacity building for risk assessment along regional dairy, live animal and meat value chains and strengthen the related veterinary capacities
  • Facilitate advocacy for buy-in and resource mobilization to support network activities
  • The African Swine Fever has been neglected in terms of policy and legislation and there is need to ensure these areas are strengthened-
  • Enhance awareness on biosecurity in the pig value chain from the farm to the fork; and early warning and surveillance
  • In Service Applied Epidemiology Training (ISAVET) should be demand driven based on real needs as identified by appropriate assessments and extended to non- GHSA countries[2]
  • Need for more training on SPS in all countries in the region to support trade and food safety
  • Undertake resource mobilization to operationalize the seven signed cross border MoUs in IGAD MS
  • To support MSs of EA to mainstream AW in policies, legislation, investments, programme and projects at national and regional levels-
  • Identify and integrate Apiculture and Fisheries/Aquaculture Sector actors in the EA-RAHN
  • Promote increased cross border SPS controls (quarantine, inspection, joint surveillance, disease prevention and control for TADs) to reduce non-tariff trade barriers
  • Strengthen one health (OH) approach in the Management of zoonoses as well as encourage scientific community in animal health to develop capacity/infrastructure for diagnostics research needed in pathogen identification and sero-monitoring
  • Advocate for PPP Framework in the region to promote its use in manufacturing, purchasing and distribution of vaccines and vaccination campaigns

 

[1] Burundi, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Republic of South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda

 

[2] GHSA countries include Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda in the region

 

October 21, 2020 Peste des petits ruminantes (PPR) and other key small ruminant diseases (SRDs) are among trade-sensitive Animal diseases in the IGAD Region. The IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD), established and operationalized the regional PPR control and eradication coordination committee (CECC), developed regional PPR strategies and programme for the control and eradication of PPR, asisted IGAD countries to develop national PPR strategies and align to the regional and global strategies. These actions are believed to contribute to joint and coordinated efforts towards eradicating PPR gloably by 2030. The objectives of this meeting were to review the progress and updates on regional, continental and global  PPR control and eradication programme, to receive updates on PPR control and eradication efforts at national levels  including resource mobilization efforts and to coordinate, exchange good practices and lessons on PPR/SRD Control and eradication programmes in the region. The participants were Directors of Veterinary Services (CVOs) and PPR Focal Persons from 12 member states of Eastern Africa (IGAD and EAC), regional Laboratory, EPI and quarantine coordinators from the region and technical partner international organisations such as AU-IBAR, FAO, OIE, PANVAC, ILRI and ICPALD/IGAD. The meeting conducted on October 21, 2020. Dr. Harry Oyas , representing the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO), Kenya, opened the workshop. Welcome remarks were also made by Dr. Solomon Munyua; Director of ICPALD, and Prof. Ahmed; Director of AUIBAR.

The key recommendations are categorized as follows

 

  1. Resource mobilization
  • Member states (MS) should include in national budgets as well as into national resource mobilization efforts from donor communities and lenders PPR eradication programs/ activities as national priority
  • Member states with support of IGAD should carry out advocacy to policy makers (national and sub-national levels) to include PPR eradication into national and sub-national plans to attract national funding.
  • Member states and development partners such as (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should undertake resource mobilization to support cross border programs that will help the eradication of PPR and other TADs

 

  1. Coordination
  • MS and IGAD should facilitate implementation of signed cross border bilateral and multilateral MoUs to harmonize regional prevention and control efforts of PPR- surveillance, vaccination, information sharing and reporting while AU-IBAR should support coordination and cooperation between RECs
  • All partners (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should strengthen regional advisory body (RAG)
  • Countries should strengthen/ establish the implementation coordination structures at national and sub-national levels and seek more buy-in for PPR eradication plans to give more support to surveillance and control activities
  • Develop and disseminate key messages on PPR eradication;

 

  1. Capacity building/training
  • Facilitate regional training on Risk analysis and use of revised PMAT tool by FAO and OIE
  • OIE, FAO, AU-IBAR and IGAD to support MS on identified technical assistance to develop investment ready plans to be funded as special program, for effective PPR control and eradication;
  • MS to focus on revised PMAT and the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (TAHC - Chapter 14.7) as tools for assessment and guidance on progressing from one stage to the other along the PPR control and eradication pathway

 

  1. Vaccination
  • MS to undertake epidemiology supported risk based vaccination and promote responsibilities for appropriate public private sector partnerships (PPP) in the delivery of PPR vaccination where applicable
  • Strengthen external vaccine quality control by PANVAC and MS to utilize only PANVAC quality certified vaccine

ICPALD expresses appreciation to FAO /SFE/ for funding this activity

 

 

 

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