Wednesday, May 12, 2021

18thNovember 2020 (virtual meeting): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) in collaboration with AUIBAR and ARSO organized a regional meeting to assess preparedness of IGAD countries so far, identify key technical issues that require attention of higher policy body in order to benefit optimally the countries from the AfCFTA initiatives.

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IGAD /ICPALD organized the 10th Annual Eastern Africa Regional Animal Health Network (EA-RAHN) virtual meeting in collaboration with FAO, AUIBAR and OIE. It was undertaken from October 26-27; 2020 and financed by FAO/SFE. Animal health surveillance, risk assessment and early warning of potential disease outbreaks all rely on timely information sharing among the key stakeholders. Disease information sharing, among partners involved in public and animal health, helps to ensure that an integrated risk assessment approach is applied to the understanding of pathogen ecologies. Ultimately, sharing of information is key to improving the development of disease control strategies and addressing other public health threats at all levels (local, national, regional and international). To this end, existing national and regional surveillance (epidemiology, and laboratory) systems /networks play a crucial role in gathering quality disease and AMR/AMU data, and providing sound epidemiological and risk interpretation for informed action.

The EA-RAHN brought together the Chief veterinary officers (CVOs), Epidemiologists, and Laboratory Heads, from the 12[1] member countries. It was also attended by technical staff from regional quarantine network and other relevant institutions; IGAD/EAC; AU-IBAR, FAO, and OIE are the members of RAHN Secretariat. 

In addition to information sharing RAHN also provides an excellent platform where scientists and policy makers converge to explore how they can jointly facilitate the implementation of effective and efficient animal health interventions in the region.

Welcome remarks were made by Prof. Ahmed Elsawalhy, Director of AU-IBAR, and Dr. Ricarda Mondry representing FAO’s Sub-regional Office for East Africa (FAOSFE), Dr. Samuel Wakhusama, OIE rep Eastern Africa and Dr. SJM Munyua, ICPALD Director. The regional meeting was opened by Dr. Harry Oyas on behalf of the Chief Veterinary Officer, Kenya

 The key recommendations were  

  • Support capacity building for risk assessment along regional dairy, live animal and meat value chains and strengthen the related veterinary capacities
  • Facilitate advocacy for buy-in and resource mobilization to support network activities
  • The African Swine Fever has been neglected in terms of policy and legislation and there is need to ensure these areas are strengthened-
  • Enhance awareness on biosecurity in the pig value chain from the farm to the fork; and early warning and surveillance
  • In Service Applied Epidemiology Training (ISAVET) should be demand driven based on real needs as identified by appropriate assessments and extended to non- GHSA countries[2]
  • Need for more training on SPS in all countries in the region to support trade and food safety
  • Undertake resource mobilization to operationalize the seven signed cross border MoUs in IGAD MS
  • To support MSs of EA to mainstream AW in policies, legislation, investments, programme and projects at national and regional levels-
  • Identify and integrate Apiculture and Fisheries/Aquaculture Sector actors in the EA-RAHN
  • Promote increased cross border SPS controls (quarantine, inspection, joint surveillance, disease prevention and control for TADs) to reduce non-tariff trade barriers
  • Strengthen one health (OH) approach in the Management of zoonoses as well as encourage scientific community in animal health to develop capacity/infrastructure for diagnostics research needed in pathogen identification and sero-monitoring
  • Advocate for PPP Framework in the region to promote its use in manufacturing, purchasing and distribution of vaccines and vaccination campaigns

 

[1] Burundi, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Republic of South Sudan, Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda

 

[2] GHSA countries include Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda in the region

 

October 21, 2020 Peste des petits ruminantes (PPR) and other key small ruminant diseases (SRDs) are among trade-sensitive Animal diseases in the IGAD Region. The IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD), established and operationalized the regional PPR control and eradication coordination committee (CECC), developed regional PPR strategies and programme for the control and eradication of PPR, asisted IGAD countries to develop national PPR strategies and align to the regional and global strategies. These actions are believed to contribute to joint and coordinated efforts towards eradicating PPR gloably by 2030. The objectives of this meeting were to review the progress and updates on regional, continental and global  PPR control and eradication programme, to receive updates on PPR control and eradication efforts at national levels  including resource mobilization efforts and to coordinate, exchange good practices and lessons on PPR/SRD Control and eradication programmes in the region. The participants were Directors of Veterinary Services (CVOs) and PPR Focal Persons from 12 member states of Eastern Africa (IGAD and EAC), regional Laboratory, EPI and quarantine coordinators from the region and technical partner international organisations such as AU-IBAR, FAO, OIE, PANVAC, ILRI and ICPALD/IGAD. The meeting conducted on October 21, 2020. Dr. Harry Oyas , representing the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO), Kenya, opened the workshop. Welcome remarks were also made by Dr. Solomon Munyua; Director of ICPALD, and Prof. Ahmed; Director of AUIBAR.

The key recommendations are categorized as follows

 

  1. Resource mobilization
  • Member states (MS) should include in national budgets as well as into national resource mobilization efforts from donor communities and lenders PPR eradication programs/ activities as national priority
  • Member states with support of IGAD should carry out advocacy to policy makers (national and sub-national levels) to include PPR eradication into national and sub-national plans to attract national funding.
  • Member states and development partners such as (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should undertake resource mobilization to support cross border programs that will help the eradication of PPR and other TADs

 

  1. Coordination
  • MS and IGAD should facilitate implementation of signed cross border bilateral and multilateral MoUs to harmonize regional prevention and control efforts of PPR- surveillance, vaccination, information sharing and reporting while AU-IBAR should support coordination and cooperation between RECs
  • All partners (AU-IBAR, IGAD, FAO, OIE) should strengthen regional advisory body (RAG)
  • Countries should strengthen/ establish the implementation coordination structures at national and sub-national levels and seek more buy-in for PPR eradication plans to give more support to surveillance and control activities
  • Develop and disseminate key messages on PPR eradication;

 

  1. Capacity building/training
  • Facilitate regional training on Risk analysis and use of revised PMAT tool by FAO and OIE
  • OIE, FAO, AU-IBAR and IGAD to support MS on identified technical assistance to develop investment ready plans to be funded as special program, for effective PPR control and eradication;
  • MS to focus on revised PMAT and the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (TAHC - Chapter 14.7) as tools for assessment and guidance on progressing from one stage to the other along the PPR control and eradication pathway

 

  1. Vaccination
  • MS to undertake epidemiology supported risk based vaccination and promote responsibilities for appropriate public private sector partnerships (PPP) in the delivery of PPR vaccination where applicable
  • Strengthen external vaccine quality control by PANVAC and MS to utilize only PANVAC quality certified vaccine

ICPALD expresses appreciation to FAO /SFE/ for funding this activity

 

 

 

1 October 2020: Reports showed that Kenya’s economy lost about USD 3.3 billion in three years due to the effects of drought on livestock from 2008 to 2011.  Somalia also reported livestock-related losses averaged USD 1.5 billion for the period of the drought in 2017; Of this loses; the contribution of inadequate feed is substantial. On the other hand; the region has a potential to produce and meet the deficiency locally to increase milk and meat; and also to export as feed to countries such as Djibouti and Somalia with the region and to the Gulf countries. To this effect there must be coordinated efforts to address the key bottlenecks including coordination and sharing of good practices and lessons 

 The virtual workshop conducted on October 01, 2020. The countries updated the participants on the status feed reserve for emergency period in IGAD member states; and the status of commercialization of feed and seed production and marketing (rained and irrigated); key challenges and recommendations. Moreover, the implementation status of previous recommendations of the regional platform also reviewed. The workshop was attended by participants from the line Ministries of livestock production from IGAD member states, some projects working on feed and resilience; NGOs and the private sector; AUIBAR and ICPALD.

 Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of IGAD/ICPALD made welcome remarks and emphasized the importance of enhancing feed security in the region; and Mr Vincent Ngari Githinji, the Acting Director of Livestock Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries; Kenya officially opened the regional workshop. He reiterated the importance of promoting commercial production of pasture and fodder crops to cope with the increased frequency of drought. The workshop participants made the following recommendations:

 

  1. Promote private sector investment on feed and seed production through continued sensitization, capacity building and advocacy.
  2. Advocate for policy and regulatory dialogues to develop favorable legal frameworks that will facilitate investment on commercial fodder and seed production through government incentives such as tax waiver, low interest loan facilities, purchase from producers to distribute to deficient localities among others
  3. Facilitate South to South bilateral and regional partnerships for exchange learning of good practices in improving feed reserve; commercial fodder production and marketing
  4. Facilitate development of national animal feed inventories and promote mechanization and fodder bulking in fodder deficient locations
  5. Strengthen forage seed production and quality control system to improve seed availability as well as promote market linkages within countries and internationally through robust market information systems for fodder and seed
  6. Promotion of investments in scale up of proven feed and seed interventions and agricultural mechanization through public private partnerships approach
  7. Capacity build skills for mainstream stakeholders (cooperatives, Community Based Organizations (CBOs), ranchers; pastoralists as well as extension staff) on feed supplementation strategies and use of total mixed ration, forage harvesting, picking, chopping, fortification and conservation approaches
  8. Strengthen peace building mechanism in conflict prone locations and advocate for improvement; maintenance and protection of seasonal feed grazing areas

 

IGAD/ICPALD expresses appreciation to Swiss Development Cooperation/SDC/ for financing this event through the IGAD /FAO implemented Partnership Programme.

 

 

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