Following the communiqué of IGAD 21st Extraordinary Summit of Head of States and Governments held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on the 3rd May 2013, the Executive Secretary IGAD led a team of Ambassadors of member states to Mogadishu and Kismayo to conduct a confidence building mission and collect views from various stakeholders on Juba regions state formation. The conclusion on the formation of the Juba region state culminated in an agreement between the Federal Government of Somalia and the Leader of the Interim Juba Administration.
The Addis Ababa Agreement made stipulations on the establishment of the Interim Juba Administration; the management of federal institutions and structures; the management of security forces and militia integration; and reconciliation and confidence building. The IGAD office of the facilitator for Somalia peace and national reconciliation secured agreements among stakeholders, negotiated, mediated and facilitated the execution of all articles in the agreement; the exception being article two of the agreement on the management of federal institutions, that is to be implemented as part of a wider Constitutional revenue-sharing process. The agreement concluded with the re-election of the President Mohamed Ahmed Islaan on the 15th of August 2015.
IGAD represented by its Special Envoy to Somalia, Amb. Mohamed Affey, on the 12th of September attended the inauguration of President Mohamed Ahmed Islaan in Kismayo, Somalia. Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom represented IGAD as Chair to the agreement, and representing Kenya as IGAD rapporteur was Majority Leader of Kenyan Parliament Aden Du’ale.
The leadership of Somalia was adequately represented with the Federal Government delegation led by President Hassan and Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmake. Other regional leaders present were the leaders of Puntland, Southwest and Galmudug administrations: Abdiweli Mohamed Ali ‘Gaas’, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden, and Abdikarim Hussein Guled, respectively. The outcome of the convening of the regional leaders in Kismayo was an agreement by the leaders to meet in Mogadishu on the 20th of September 2015, to agree on the modalities for the national consultative forum on the electoral process. This shows progress towards the achieving of the Federal Government’s vision 2016, despite the ongoing political crisis in Mogadishu. The current government’s mandate expires in September 2016. IGAD continues to stand firm in its position in that there can be no delay in the 2016 elections.
The major achievements of the Addis Ababa Agreement was the reconciliation of all communities in the Juba region; the formation of a Jubaland Regional Assembly; the passing of the Jubaland constitution; the integration of militia into the Somalia National Army; and the establishment of Jubaland as a permanent state. The implementation of the Agreement was funded by European Union, the Governments of Italy and the United Kingdom, and the United Nations.