Saturday, Nov 27, 2021

The IGAD region is a source, transit and final destination of a wide range of common transnational security threats. The region faces or contends with a variety of serious and complex common Emerging, Evolving and Existing Transnational Security Threats (EEE-TSTs), including terrorism, extreme violent radicalization, organized crime, piracy, cybercrime, and trafficking in drugs, humans and weapons -- to name but a few. The security architecture of the region has evolved significantly over the past decade, but the nature and variety of transnational security threats has been evolving even further and faster.

IGAD Security Sector Program (IGAD SSP) is a comprehensive regional program of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) established and restructured in the year 2011 from its previous focused program of the IGAD Capacity Building Program Against Terrorism (ICPAT) launched in 2006. IGAD SSP has the mandate of preventing and countering the Transnational Security Threats (TSTs) including terrorism, transnational organized crime (TOC) and maritime insecurity as well as providing capacity building for the security sector institutions of Member States. The objectives of IGAD SSP are to contribute to the effective prediction, prevention and management of the EEE-TSTs as well as to the enhancement of member states’ capacity to address security threats contributing to security and stability of Member States and the region thus, engendering sustainable economic development. IGAD-SSP has the following three tier complimentary approach to address EEE-TSTs:

  1. Strengthen regional cooperation and coordination;
  2. Enhance member states’ and IGAD’s institutional and human capacities; and
  3. Promote and support the signing, ratification and domestication of relevant regional and international legal instruments.

TSTs have caused social, economic and political menaces in our globalizing world with the increasing trends of movement of people and goods across borders. TSTs have evolved through time in line with socio-economic, political and economic changes. The overall level of awareness about the consequences of the existing TSTs to IGAD member states and their citizens remains relatively low across all member countries. There cannot be effective mechanisms to prevent and control crimes and the threats they pose without appropriate, accurate and timely information and knowledge about the characteristics and features of the criminal activities and their networks. It is through knowledge about the nature, typologies and the behaviours of the criminal networks that we can enhance our capacity building efforts to prevent and counter TSTs through knowledge-based decision making at policy and operational levels - a proactive crime prevention and management approach.

The general conclusion is that attempts at countering insecurity will entail putting into operation a grand strategy and mechanism revolving around the State, regional and community-based engagements. To this end IGAD SSP has been carrying out various activities to support the efforts of the Member States in preventing and countering such threats. It has been engaging all relevant stakeholders from both State and Non-State Actors like the law enforcement agencies, various ministries, policy makers including parliamentarians, CSOs, and the media on various interventions aimed at contributing to the national and regional efforts. These interventions are through:

  • the provisions of theme focused trainings to enhance the capacity, skills, and knowledge of practitioners in dealing with various forms of criminal matters, and
  • conducting and sharing the findings and recommendations of various in-depth national and regional assessments or researches on the vulnerability of the threats by Member States, capability of the relevant institutions, mechanisms of dealing with the threats, and other identified areas on need-based approach

The results of these interventions have made significant contributions in enhancing the capacity of Member States as well as creating various networks among the institutions for strong cooperation and coordination including sharing of criminal information. In addition, legal instruments such as the IGAD Mutual Legal Assistance and Extradition Conventions and other pertinent regional, continental and international instruments have been supported that resulted in the adoption, domestication and developing of the national legal instrument within the States providing effective legal frameworks in dealing with the various forms of the transnational security threats.

IGAD SSP continues to engage and support the Member States at all levels within regional mechanism to prevent the security threats. As stated above, ccountering the EEE-TSTs requires a common regional framework and effective security cooperation and coordination between states that facilitate criminal information and intelligence sharing; mutual legal assistance and extradition; joint operations capable of investigating, prosecuting and convicting complex transnational cases. To this end, IGAD SSP has been working, through the full consensus by all Member State, towards having an institutionalized regional cooperation and coordination platform for effecting prevention and countering of such threats. Having these regional platform and coordination mechanism is believed to contribute to the overall peace and security of the region and beyond.



Nejat Abdulrahman Issa
Counter Terrorism Capacity Building Program Officer
August 27, 2021



The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is one of the foremost regional economic communities (RECs) championing for peace, stability and sustainable development in Africa. IGAD has used all available platforms to build peace, prevent and resolve conflicts and support its member states in reconciliation processes, post-conflict reconstruction, good governance, and transition towards democracy.

A very large portion of the population is the IGAD region is youth under the age of 25.

Education in general and skills development in particular are seen as important interventions in fostering durable peace, gainful employment and socioeconomic transformation in the region.

This is one of the reason why IGAD adopted a regional education policy framework that aspires to promote quality, relevant, affordable, accessible and inclusive education in the region. This policy framework emanated from the Djibouti Declaration on Education for Refugees, Returnees and Host Communities adopted by IGAD ministers in charge of education in line with the commitments made by the IGAD Heads of State and Government under the Nairobi Declaration in 2017.

Since then, IGAD has been implementing a number of projects and initiatives in the education sector. One of this is a regional scholarship scheme launched by the Executive Secretary of IGAD, Dr. Workneh Gebeyehu, during the First IGAD Universities’ Forum held in Jigjiga, Ethiopia, on 5-6 April 2021.

The rationale behind the IGAD scholarship scheme is to facilitate inclusive access to scholarship among the youth in displacement and refugee situations, since higher education and skills development opportunities are extremely inaccessible for this category of people. Moreover, IGAD considers scholarship for young people as a cornerstone of regional integration, people-to-people interaction and mutual understanding; all of which are building blocks for peace and stability in the region and beyond.

IGAD will continue to work with a wide-range of bilateral and multilateral partners to ensure equitable access to education and to inculcate the spirit of solidarity and fraternity among the youth so that they will continue to play constructive roles in society.

Another aspect of IGAD promoting Youth for the wider agenda of peace and prosperity for the IGAD region, the IGAD Peace and Security Division launched the IGAD Youth Forum for Peace on April 29, 2021 in Entebbe, Uganda in the presence of the IGAD Executive Secretary, Minister of State for Youth of Republic of Uganda, representatives of National Youth Associations and Youth Ministries of IGAD member states.

The IGAD Youth Forum for Peace is a regional platform to give youth an opportunity to express their ideas, opinions, and needs to decision makers, and mobilise the youth community for peace at national and regional level. The regional platform will create opportunity for the youth of the region to play their role for durable and sustainable peace. The initiative aims at inspiring young people to be change makers and to take responsibility to make a difference in their community. It will also encourage the youth to commit personal responsibility in their respective countries in promoting, peace building, social cohesion and actualisation of respective development agenda. The forum will be instrumental to link the policy space and the voice of the youth, and to mobilise the Youth for peace, security and stability in the region.

The forum is expected to provide the institutionalised platforms for deliberations and communications to enhance understanding of youth’s aspiration, priorities and concerns, and shared values. It will also serve as a platform for youth to engage with IGAD and the Member States on regional peace and security agenda and enable to enhance a better understanding of how the youth can contribute to peace in the region. The next step will be operationalising of the Forum mainly in developing institutional instruments and training of selected youth leaders of the Region. IGAD will also appoint IGAD Youth Envoys in collaboration with member states’ relevant institutions.


Kebede Kassa Tsegaye, PhD
Senior Program Coordinator
Education, Science, Technology and Innovation

Moges Ali
Governance Officer
Political Affairs Programme
August 17,2021



August 4, 2021 (ADAMA, Ethiopia): The Peace and Security Division of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is undertaking a second round of capacity building training sessions on post-conflict and peace building for officials and senior experts of different institutions of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia with the objective to enhance and deepen their knowledge on peace and security related institutions governing these themes. The three-day training runs from 3-6 August in Adama town.

Hon. Siraj Fegessa, Director of IGAD Peace and Security Division (PSD), in his opening remarks highlighted that “countries in post conflict situations need to develop a comprehensive approach that focuses on community level engagement and strategic dialogue between the actors with varied interests”.

The IGAD Peace and Security Division has developed the IGAD Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development Policy Framework with the objective to support countries emerging out of such conflicts, or in a conflict situation in their efforts towards reconstruction and the rebuilding of state and its institutions. These include managing further disputes, preventing escalations, avoid relapse into violence, and address the root causes of conflict with efforts to consolidate sustainable peace, security and development.



July 28th-29th,2021 (Bishoftu, Ethiopia): MSU held a 2-day workshop for Capacity Development for Ethiopia's National Dialogue Process that was attended by: State Ministers, Chief of Staff, Peace Building Director General, Directorates in the Ministry of Peace, Representatives from the Ministry of Peace, Representatives from various States, and Multi-stakeholder Initiative for National Dialogue (MIND) who gave an overview of the National Dialogue in Ethiopia.

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26 July 2021, Mombasa, Kenya: The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Security Sector Program (IGAD SSP) kicked off a four-days national workshop from 26-29 July 2021 titled Women’s Rights in Counter-Terrorism Policies and Strategies in Mombasa, Kenya. in which high-level officials from the government of Kenya (the judiciary, the executive and local governments) are represented; in addition to representatives from civic organizations which are actively involved in gender mainstreaming and women rights vis-à-vis preventing violent extremism and counterterrorism.  

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