The strategy document is composed of four main sections. Section One introduces an overview of the profile of the IGAD region highlighting the economic and social conditions. Section Two contains the situational analysis. It gives a brief overview of the state of the environment and natural resources in the region and an outline of the evolution of environment and natural resources policy and strategy making at IGAD. The section highlights the main environmental and natural resources management challenges but at the same time provides an insight into some of the opportunities presented by the region’s endowment of environmental and natural resources goods and services.