Monday, Sep 27, 2021


September 21, 2021 Nairobi, Kenya: An estimated 31.4 million people across the IGAD region were classified in crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3+) levels of acute food insecurity in 2020. This figure represents 20% of the global 155 million people that faced food insecurity and required urgent action in 2020. 2021 projections point to a grimmer situation, where between 36.7 to 37.2 million people will likely face high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above), largely due to conflict, weather extremes, and persistent economic shocks (including the socio-economic repercussions of COVID-19).

The prevailing food security situation in the region was revealed during the launch of the Regional Focus on the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Member States of the 2021 Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) that took place today. This report is the culmination of a joint analysis led by the Food Security Information Network (FSIN), under the Global Network Against Food Crises, that provides a comprehensive regional picture of the food security and nutritional situation.

The report indicates that the number of food insecure people (IPC Phase 3+) in the IGAD region has steadily increased from 26.8 million in 2017, to 27 million in 2018, 27.6 million in 2019 (excluding Djibouti), and up to 31.4 million in 2020.

"With 20 percent, of the global number of highly food insecure people in 2020 resident in the IGAD region, short-term humanitarian interventions alone are not enough. There is a need for us to initiate a paradigm shift to a longer-term view that inspires us to come up with coherent, coordinated, and cost-effective development investments that target the root-causes of food crises in our region. With proper forwarding planning, drought does not need to turn into famine and we can avert the chances of families sleeping hungry. With the forecast for a drier than usual season from October to December 2021, we call on our IGAD Member State governments, other regional, international, and key stakeholders, to work together in the spirit of multilateralism and global brotherhood to build efficient, effective, inclusive and resilient food systems, to mitigate the effects of drought, fend off the possibility of conflict thus supporting durable peace for the people of our IGAD region." said Workneh Geneyehu, IGAD Executive Secretary.

“Given the worrying trends in this year’s report, we must continue concerted efforts that help support communities and individuals improve their food and nutrition security, and prevent them from falling into hunger. To do this, we need to support governments and communities to build resilient and sustainable agri-food systems. Improving the reach of extension services, peace building initiatives and market access, as well timely anticipatory and emergency humanitarian response to crises, must remain at the core of our collective response to build and protect farmers' resilience to shocks and crises.” said David Phiri, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ Subregional Coordinator for Eastern Africa.

“The East African region is one of the most food insecure regions of the world, with one in every five hungry people globally located here. Macro-economic shocks together with the COVID-19 pandemic, ongoing conflict, and drought in parts of Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia have increased acute hunger far above levels previously experienced. These shocks do not just have immediate, short-term effects, they exacerbate prevailing food insecurity and undermine livelihoods and development gains that took years to build. We must continue to support vulnerable communities across the region and work with all stakeholders to address the root causes of conflict and hunger.” said Michael Dunford, World Food Programme Regional Director for Eastern Africa.

Key messages

  • Three countries in the region were among the 10 worst global food crises – the Sudan with 9.6 million people in crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above), Ethiopia with 8.6 million and South Sudan with 6.5 million. These three countries accounted for nearly 79 percent of the IGAD region’s population in crisis or worse (IPC Phase 3 or above).
  • At any point in time in 2020 across the eight IGAD countries, an estimated 3.5 million children under 5 years were wasted, with 0.9 million requiring life-saving treatment for severe wasting. Ethiopia, Sudan, and South Sudan had the highest number of wasted children. Children with wasting are too thin and their immune systems are weak, leaving them vulnerable to developmental delays, disease and death. A further 14.1 million across six IGAD countries were stunted, with the highest numbers in Ethiopia, Sudan and Uganda.
  • The region had over 4.2 million refugees and asylum seekers in 2020, an increase of 4 percent compared to the 4.04 million reported in 2019, and hosted around 9.5 million Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Ethiopia, Somalia, the Sudan and South Sudan, representing 20% of the world's 46 million IDPs in 2020. Around half of the refugees were from South Sudan and others from Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.
  • The information in the report provides agencies, governments and other key stakeholders with reliable collective data and analysis to inform coordinated and cost-efficient strategies to tackle the root causes of food crises in the region.

Call to action

  • Provide immediate and adequate life-saving food, livelihood and nutrition support for populations projected to face high levels of acute food insecurity and malnutrition. Initiatives such as providing food, cash, and livelihood assistance, strengthening social protection systems, and improving availability of and access to quality curative and preventive nutrition services should all be scaled up.
  • Continue monitoring the food security and nutrition situation, including the collection of data to inform analyses.
  • Strengthen and support peace-building initiatives, such as social cohesion programmes, that aim to address the root causes of conflict and insecurity in the region.

  • Summary IGAD 2021 Regional Report on Food Crises (RRFC)
  • Full Report IGAD 2021 Regional Report on Food Crises (RRFC) More resources on Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC)
  • Statement of the Global Network against Food Crises on the release of the Global Report on Food Crises 2021
  • East Africa Hazards Watch
  • East Africa Drought Watch
  • Press Release GHACOF 59
  • Summary for Decision Makers GHACOF 59

Media requests

  • Wawira Njoka: IGAD Climate Centre (ICPAC), This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Gordon Weiss: WFP Regional Bureau for Eastern Africa, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Judith M. Mulinge: FAO Resilience Team for Eastern Africa, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.





September 22, 2021 ( DJIBOUTI, Djibouti): The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) denounces the attempted coup on the legitimate Government of the Republic of Sudan and wishes to condemn this unconstitutional act in the strongest terms.

IGAD wishes to express its strong support for Sudan's transitional government and the aspiration of the people of Sudan to build an all inclusive, democratic and peaceful nation.



26 August 2021,Nairobi: The upcoming rainfall season, October to December, is an important season for Uganda, Kenya, northern Tanzania, southern and central Somalia, southern Ethiopia and South Sudan, Rwanda, and Burundi. For some of these countries, this is the main farming season and it represents up to 70% of the total annual rainfall.

A drier than usual season is forecasted across Eastern Africa from October to December 2021. In particular, in Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, southern, central, and north-western Somalia, southern and south-eastern Ethiopia, and the Red Sea coast of northern Eritrea. Of particular concern are the drier than usual conditions forecasted over the cross-border areas of Kenya and Somalia.

2021 is being, and expected to continue to be, a drier than usual year for the majority of the region. Observations of rainfall over the past months reveal that the region has been facing rainfall deficits in many parts of central and southern East Africa and this is forecasted to continue until December 2021. Past observed deficits, coupled with our forecast indicate moderate to severe drought conditions in the region, in particular over Uganda, south-western Ethiopia, eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, and Tanzania.

The start of the season is expected to be delayed by up to 2 weeks, especially over eastern Kenya and southern Somalia. The forecast indicates that South Sudan, north-western Uganda, and south-western Ethiopia could receive over 200 and 300 mm during the entire season. There is a lower than usual chance of exceeding 200 and 300 mm over most other regions, in particular over eastern Kenya and southern Tanzania.

Besides the dry conditions, warmer than usual temperatures are expected across the region. In particular in eastern Kenya to Somalia, eastern parts of Ethiopia, and eastern Sudan.

The food security and nutrition situation is likely to worsen especially in the Arid and Semi-Arid regions, requiring the need for expanding humanitarian assistance and interventions across the region. Generally, poor rains, late-onset, coupled with other non-climatic drivers like COVID-19, economic shocks, and conflict present poor prospects for farming across the region. More than 30 million people in the region will likely be highly food insecure (IPC Phase 3+) and in need of urgent assistance through 2021.

Considering the ongoing simultaneous humanitarian emergencies impacting the region, including the COVID-19 pandemic, regional and national authorities are encouraged to use this seasonal forecast to develop contingency plans and update them with weekly and monthly forecasts provided by ICPAC and National Meteorological Services.

Note to editors: The 59th Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF59) was convened online on the 26th of August by ICPAC (IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre) in collaboration with the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services in the region and other partners to issue the October - December 2021 seasonal forecast. The virtual forum brought together climate services providers and users from key socio-economic sectors, governmental and non-governmental organizations, decision-makers, climate scientists, and civil society stakeholders, among others, to discuss impacts and mitigation measures for the upcoming season.




IGAD, UNMISS, RJMEC and CTSAMVM welcome and commend the 10th August 2021 resolution of the Presidency of the Republic of South Sudan reiterating its commitment to the implementation of the R-ARCSS and calling for inter alia;, the immediate cessation of hostilities within the SPLM/A-IO as well as the amicable resolution of the existing dispute. This proactive step is yet another manifestation of the capability of the leadership of the Republic of South Sudan to tackle the challenges and issues afflicting the country and of their resolve not to relapse to conflict.

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May 27, 2021 (DJIBOUTI, Djibouti): IGAD welcomes the agreement reached by Somali leaders on the arrangements for holding national elections through a genuinely Somali-led and Somali-owned dialogue.

This swift breakthrough, reached after only 5 days of dialogue, underscores the political maturity of the Somali leaders, and the importance of consensus building, goodwill and compromise in settling political differences.

In this regard, IGAD congratulates the people of Somalia, Federal Government, Federal Member States, the Governor of the Banadir Administrative Region, political leaders and all stakeholders who contributed to the successful outcome of the dialogue. IGAD thanks President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed ‘Farmaajo’ for his appeal on 1 May to revert to the consensus-based 17 September electoral model.

Further, IGAD commends Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble for convening the leaders Summit and for his astute leadership of delivering the electoral roadmap.

While the signing of the agreement marks an important step towards holding of inclusive and credible elections, a long road still lies ahead. Going forward, IGAD therefore urges all stakeholders to refrain from any action that could undermine the full implementation of the agreement, and encourages all political leaders to earnestly honour their responsibilities to the people of Somalia.

IGAD looks forward to continuing its constructive engagement with all the stakeholders with a view to supporting the rapid and full implementation of the agreement.

Download this file (PRESS RELEASE - IGAD Welcomes the Successful Conclusion of the FGS-FMS Summit.pdf)IGAD Welcomes the Successful Conclusion of the FGS-FMS Summit[ ]321 kB2021-05-27 16:26


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